Bloody Show to Surfactant

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida is a birth defect in the spine that results from the incorrect development of the spinal cord. This can occur in any vertebrae but is most commonly found at the base of the back and lower spine. Folic acid reduces the likelihood of spina bifida.

 

Spinal Block

A spinal block is similar to an epidural block, but the anesthetic is injected into the space below the spinal cord, rather than into the area around it. With this anesthesia, the procedure can be performed more quickly and easily than with an epidural, but only one dose can be given, which lasts about two hours. Spinal blocks are used for about 40 percent of cesarean births.

Squint (strabismus)

Squint, or strabismus, is also known as being "cross-eyed" and occurs when the eyes appear to be misaligned and point in different directions. It can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and young children. Parents may notice their baby's eyes wandering from time to time during the first few months of life, especially when the infant is tired. This happens because the baby is still learning to focus. Most babies outgrow this by three months of age.

Stages of Labor

There are three stages of labor. First stage: from the onset of true labor contractions to complete dilation and effacement of the cervix. Second stage: from the complete dilation and effacement of the cervix to the birth of the baby. Third stage: from the birth of the baby to the delivery of the placenta (afterbirth).

Still birth

After the 20th gestational week, the birth of a baby that died prior to birth. Some causes are genetic or congenital defects, umbilical cord or placenta problems, and medical conditions of the mother, but unfortunately many causes are unknown.

Stretch Marks

White, pink or reddish-colored streaks on skin that has been torn and stretched during pregnancy. They are often found on the abdomen, breasts, legs, hips and buttocks.

Supplements

Prenatal supplements are multivitamins that are taken during pregnancy and that may help prevent certain birth defects.

Surfactant

Surfactant is a substance covering the inner lining of the air sacs in the lungs, which allow the lungs to expand normally during breathing.